考试时间不够:教你如何攻克雅思阅读长难句

 

 

  教你如何攻克雅思阅读长难句

很多烤鸭在雅思阅读考试中都感觉一个小时太紧张了,时间根本不够用, 究其原因,主要是文章读的太慢,可能一个句子看了半天还不明白,他们通常怪罪于单词太难。但有时候,并不是文中生词太多,而且,有的学生即使不认识很多单词,照样考的不错。

这是为什么呢?人家语法学得好呀,你看了好几遍还在揣测大意,他们早已看穿了一切。

让我们来看剑8 Test 2的Passage 3的一句话:

Such associations can be powerful enough so that odors that we would generally label

unpleasant become agreeable, and those that we would generally consider fragrant become

disagreeable for particular individuals。

该句共有30个单词,句子里面较难的词为fragrant。虽然句子并不很长,但由于句中

包含的结构较为复杂,给考生理解造成很大的障碍。

本句句意为:当这种关联变得足够强烈时,那些通常不被大家喜欢的气味就会令某些特

定的个体感到愉快,同样,那些通常被大众喜爱的芬芳气味也会让特定个体觉得厌恶。

由此,我们不难发现,雅思长难句之所以难以理解,不仅在于句子的长度大,而且在于句子的结构复杂。同时,复杂长难句常常是文章的逻辑重点, 讲的是重要内容,又是重要考点,因此复杂长难句的识别与阅读的得分直接相关。

你一定要知道的长难句识别技巧:

遇到长难句的时候,最普遍的方法是:首先,要判断该句是简単句、并列句还是复合句;其次,找出句子的核心成分,分清主语和谓语;最后,再分清句子的附属成分。

还是以刚才这个句子为例,句中包含一个结果状语从句(so that到句末),该从句中又包含一个并列结构(and)和两个限制性定语从句(that引导的)。

首先,从that可以看出本句是复合句。

其次,句子的核心成分是Such associations can be powerful enough,很好理解句意。

最后,so that引导的结果状语从句的理解对本句很关键:odors( that we would generally label unpleasant) become agreeable, and those (that we would generally consider fragrant) become disagreeable for particular individuals。[红色部分为句子核心成分,括号内为附属成分,即限定性定语从句]

Practice

[原文]What was on offer that day was a pair of tickets for a New York musical。 But on any given day, what Schaefer can offer is typical for today’s drugs rep—a car trunk full of promotional gifts and gadgets, a budget that could buy lunches and dinners for a small country,hundreds of free drug samples and the freedom to give a physician $200 to prescribe her new product to the next six patients who fit the drug‘s profile。 And she also has a few $l, 000 honoraria to offer in exchange for doctors’ attendance at her company‘s next educational lecture。(剑6Test4Passage1)

[Y/N/NG真题]

Sales representatives like Kim Schaefer work to a very limited budget。

由于雅思长难句的结构一般都不是特别清晰,因此,我们需要掌握更多的识别技巧。

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